top of page

Ilizarov Method




      Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (15 June 1921, Gusar, Azerbaijan SSR – 24 July 1992, Kurgan, Russia) orthopedic surgeon.

Hero of Socialist Labor (1981), Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1987), Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1991), Doctor of Medical Sciences (1968), Professor, Honored Doctor of the RSFSR (1965), Honored Inventor of the RSFSR (1975) , Honored Inventor of the USSR (1985), Honored Scientist of the RSFSR (1991).

Ilizarov Gavriil Abramovich - a prominent Soviet surgeon, specialist in the field of traumatology, musculoskeletal system and orthopedic clinical physiology, doctor of medical sciences, professor.

      Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on June 15, 1921 under the jurisdiction of the Polish city of Brest-Litovsk. . Shortly after the birth, the Ilizarov family moved to their relatives in the village of Gusar, on the border of Azerbaijan with Dagestan. The childhood years of the future scientist were spent here. He went to school No. 4 in Gusar only at the age of 11, but after passing the exam for primary classes, he was immediately enrolled in the 5th grade. He finished the seven-year school with excellent grades and continued his education at the faculty of workers in the city of Buinaksk. In 1939, as an excellent student, he was sent to study at the Crimean Medical Institute.

I. Zvaigenbaum. Fragment of the painting "Doctor Ilizarov" (1988)

He graduated from the Crimean Medical Institute (1944). He rose from a doctor in a district hospital (1948) to the director of the All-Union Kurgan Restorative Traumatology and Orthopedics Scientific Center (1987).

Author of works on traumatology and orthopedics, laureate of the Lenin Prize (1978). A universal external fixation device for the treatment of bone fractures and deformities (1951), also developed the theory of osteogenesis, which is the basis of compression-distraction osteosynthesis. Using his apparatus, he developed methods for replacing tubular bone defects (1967). Thanks to this method, it is possible to restore the missing parts of the limbs, including the feet and fingers, and at the same time lengthen the limbs. In 1968, the chairman of the Dissertation Board of the Perm Medical Institute - Professor EA Wagner - was immediately awarded the title of Doctor of Medical Sciences for the research conducted in this field.

       Eyni zamanda, 1968-ci ildə məşhur idmançı Valeri Brumel 1965-ci ildə Before getting injured, he was treated with Ilizarov, who had repeatedly set world records in the high jump. The athlete lengthened his crippled leg up to 6 centimeters with the help of an extrafocal osteosynthesis device. Valery started training, and after two months he gained a height of 2 meters 5 centimeters. However, in 1969, during the race, Brumel suffered a new injury – he tore the knee ligament in his running leg; and yet, after treatment with GA, Brumel was able to return to sports and remained 2 meters 7 centimeters tall. Despite the fact that Brumel's achievements after the injury did not break any records (the world record set by Valery Brumel in 1963 was 2 meters 28 centimeters), these sports results were a revolution in world traumatology and orthopedics! It is no secret that until the beginning of the 70s, many Soviet traumatologists and orthopedists accepted the feasibility and effectiveness of Ilizarov's research and inventions with great skepticism. Especially negatively, the Kurgan professor was treated at CITO, the flagship of Soviet medicine at that time. Due to silence, most of the novice traumatologists did not know anything about the Ilizarov method. Due to the worldwide popularity of Valery Brumel, the bar that did not fall at a phenomenal height for a former invalid helped to popularize the Ilizarov method and launch a wide medical practice.

Ilizarov is the author of more than 600 scientific works, including 3 monographs, 194 inventions, 13 foreign patents on clinical and experimental orthopedics and traumatology, biomechanics problems. Ilizarov is the founder of the Center for Restorative Traumatology and Orthopedics, which now bears his name. He was awarded the Order of Lenin and the Red Banner of Labor. He was elected a deputy of the regional soviets and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and the RSFSR, and became a member of the editorial boards of "Orthopaedics, Traumatology and Prosthetics" magazines. In the early 1990s, he made a trip to the United States to discuss his little-known works there. In 1991, he became an academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR. He died of heart failure in 1992 at the age of 71. He was buried in a kurgan in the cemetery of the village of Ryabkovo.

Applied Ilizarov apparatus. Ilizarov apparatus on the right calf (tibia and fibula fixation). Fracture X-ray and external fixator applied within 24 hours of hospital admission.

bottom of page